On the other hand at Alexandria, and seemingly throughout the rest of the Roman Empire, the Christians calculated the time of Easter for themselves, paying no attention to the Jews.In this way the date of Easter as kept at Alexandria and Antioch did not always agree; for the Jews, upon whom Antioch depended, adopted very arbitrary methods of intercalating embolismic months (see CALENDAR, Bol. 158) before they celebrated Nisan, the first spring month, on the fourteenth day of which the paschal lamb was killed.
Gregory the Great found the British Christians, the representatives of that Christianity which had been introduced into Britain during the period of the Roman occupation, still adhering to an ancient system of Easter-computation which Rome itself had laid aside.Irenæus, while condemning the Quartodeciman practice, nevertheless reproaches Pope Victor (c.189-99) with having excommunicated the Asiatics too precipitately and with not having followed the moderation of his predecessors.After the pope's strong measures the Quartodecimans seem to have gradually dwindled away. And I myself have undertaken that this decision should meet with the approval of your Sagacities in the hope that your Wisdoms will gladly admit that practice which is observed at once in the city of Rome and in Africa, throughout Italy and in Egypt. Eusebius, "De Paschate" in Schmid, "Osterfestfrage", pp.Origen in the "Philosophumena" (VIII, xviii) seems to regard them as a mere handful of wrong-headed nonconformists. Granted that the great Easter festival was always to be held on a Sunday, and was not to coincide with a particular phase of the moon, which might occur on any day of the week, a new dispute arose as to the determination of the Sunday itself. for we have received from our Saviour a different way. 58-59) we learn that the dispute now lay between the Christians of Syria and Mesopotamia and the rest of the world.